Service Revenue Journal Entry

Revenue is the total amount of income generated by a company through its activities and operations. It can include sales of goods, services, investment income, interest income, royalties, and so on.

Revenue is a crucial metric in assessing a business’s financial health since it helps to measure how well it is doing in terms of generating profits and continuing operations.

By monitoring revenue over time, companies can determine if they are growing or shrinking, which will help inform their strategic decisions.

Companies will also use revenue figures to set goals and budgets, evaluate performance metrics, and compare themselves against competitors.

Service Revenue

Service Revenue refers to the money that a company earns from providing services, such as consulting, legal advice, data processing services, marketing, and so on.

Service revenue differs from product revenue in that it does not involve the physical sale of goods. Instead, the customer pays for the service activities performed by the company.

The business determines the selling price base on both fixed pricing and variable pricing models. With fixed pricing, customers pay one set price regardless of how much they use the service or how much time they spend on it. The variable prices are charged based on usage/time spent on particular tasks which need to add to the minimum work.

Under accounting standards, when determining service revenues companies must also assess if they are able to recognize associated costs related to service provided to customers. Based on the matching principle, the revenue and associate cost must be recorded in financial statements in the same period.

It’s important that businesses correctly track their service revenues along with associated costs so they can make informed decisions about future expansion and service offerings while still maintaining accurate financial records.

Journal Entry for Service Revenue

The company will require to record service revenue on the income statement when they have performed the work for the customers.

The journal entry is debiting accounts receivable and crediting service revenue.

Account Debit Credit
Accounts Receivable $$$
Service Revenue $$$

The entry will record accounts receivable if the sale is on credit. The accounts receivable will record on the balance sheet. The service revenue will be recorded on the income statement.

When the customers make payments, the company will have to reverse the accounts receivable from the balance sheet.

The journal entry is debiting cash and crediting accounts receivable.

Account Debit Credit
Cash $$$
Accounts Receivable $$$

The accounts receivable will be removed from the balance sheet while the cash balance increase for the same amount.


Company ABC has provided a service to the customer’s amount of $ 50,000 on credit. The company has performed the work for the customer at the end of the month. Please prepare a journal entry for the service revenue that company completes.

The company has completed the work for the customer, so it must record in the income statement. The record needs to be done base on the work completed, it is not related to the cash collection.

The journal entry is debiting accounts receivable $ 50,000 and credit service revenue $ 50,000.

Account Debit Credit
Accounts receivable 50,000
Service Revenue 50,000

Service Revenue on Income statement

An income statement is showing the performance of a company’s operations over an accounting period. It presents the business’ revenues, expenses, and net income/loss. The income statement is also known as a profit and loss statement (P&L).

The income statement provides an overview of a company’s financial performance, providing insight into its overall profitability. A typical income statement includes gross profits from sales, operating expenses, other costs such as interest payments and depreciation expenses, and net earnings or losses for the year.

Income statements are typically created on either a quarterly or annual basis, depending on the reporting cycle required by regulators. Investors will look closely at these statements to get an idea of how well management has generated results over time.

Service Revenue is an important source of income for any business. It is considered to be part of a company’s total revenue and is reported on the company’s Income Statement. Service Revenue represents amounts received from customers in exchange for provided services, and is distinguished from product sales or other activities that generate revenue.

Examples of services that commonly generate Service Revenue include professional fees, such as fees paid to attorneys, accountants, and consultants, cleaning services, and so on.

Some companies may not have service revenue due to the nature of the business operations. If the company is only manufacturing the goods, so it will not have the service revenue.

When calculating Service Revenue it’s important to remember to include all applicable taxes collected from customers as well as any discounts that may have been applied when issuing invoices to customers. It also includes payments made directly from customer checks or credit card accounts, minus any returns that were issued during the period.

Service Revenue can be a significant source of income for many businesses and understanding how to account for it on the Income Statement. Additionally, tracking your service revenue over time can help you identify areas where your business could reduce expenses or increase efficiency by eliminating unprofitable services or expanding more profitable areas.

Type of Service Revenue

Service revenue is a type of revenue that is earned when providing customers the service. This type of revenue is most commonly associated with professional services such as consulting, accounting, and legal. It can also refer to service industries such as hospitality or entertainment. Service revenue differs from product revenue in that it does not involve the transfer of physical goods or products for sale, but rather the exchange of knowledge, expertise, or specialized services for payment.

There are various types of service revenue that may be generated from different industries:

  1. Subscription Revenue – Revenue received over an extended period by providing recurring services such as software hosting or business intelligence tools.
  2. Consulting Revenue – Fees charged for providing short-term advice or assistance to clients on specific topics.
  3. Coaching Revenue – Money earned helping individuals or business organizations achieve certain goals while they work towards reaching them autonomously.
  4. Advertising & Promotion Services – Income generated through marketing campaigns where companies are hired to help promote their client’s products/services online and offline media channels (e.g TV spots).
  5. Professional Service Fees – Payments associated with billing clients based on estimated time spent on delivering professional services like accounting, legal, and engineering services, etc. The company makes profits per client engagement depending on the scope and difficulty of the job at hand.
  6. Facility Management Services – Examples include maintenance operations inside commercial buildings like janitorial services, pest control, surface cleaning, etc.
  7. Temporary Worker Services – Income acquired from staffing agencies that supplies their clients with contract-based personnel to complete specific assignments.

Service Revenue Recognition

Service revenue recognition occurs when a company has completed the activities necessary to provide a service and bills its customer. Companies that perform services must usually follow specific criteria when it comes to formally recognizing revenue from those services. In most cases, this involves providing a documented statement of work that serves as proof of delivery and having the customer accept and sign off on the services that have been performed. Upon doing so, the amount charged is recognized as revenue.

For businesses operating under IFRS guidelines, in order to recognize revenue, five criteria must be met:

  1. Risks and rewards have been transferred from the seller to the buyer.
  2. The seller loses control over the goods sold.
  3. The collection of payment from goods or services is reasonably assured.
  4. The amount of revenue can be reasonably measured.
  5. Costs of revenue can be reasonably measured.

It is important to note that these are just general guidelines – certain industries may have additional criteria they need to meet before they can recognize revenues properly.

Proper revenue recognition is absolutely vital for any business because it validates its performance with customers, increases faith in its accounting records, preserves regulatory compliance, and ensures future investor confidence. These are the important factors that ensure the success of the business.

Service Revenue vs Deferred Revenue

Service revenue is income that is received in exchange for services rendered. This type of revenue is recorded when the service has been provided to the customer.

Deferred revenue, on the other hand, is unearned income that happens when payments are received before goods or services have been delivered. It can also be referred to as unearned income and represents a liability on the part of the company until they deliver what it promised.

Service revenues come into account when a company performs a service and receives the money. It does not require a cash advance but instead involves exchanging goods or labor for money from customers.

Deferred revenue, however, is income that occurs before goods or services are actually provided. That means it goes unaccounted for until those services have been completed or delivered later down the line. It also requires cash outlay prior to providing services as money must already be collected from customers in advance before any services are done. Companies receive cash but recognize deferred Revenue so this creates a liability on their balance sheets until they deliver those promised goods or services later in time


The recording of service revenue on the income statement is an important step in ensuring that a business is accurately accounting for its services. Service revenue provides an indication of how well the company is performing and can help managers make decisions about where to allocate resources. Recording service revenue helps establish customer relationships, keeps track of customer accounts, and provides useful data which can be used when making decisions relating to pricing. Accurate record-keeping ensures any future transactions or claims are easily traceable. Overall, the recording of service revenue on the income statement is invaluable for providing interested stakeholders with financial insights related to the performance of a business.